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blog名称:邢红瑞的blog
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建立时间:2004年12月20日




[开发工具]gnokii 的使用
原创空间,  文章收藏,  软件技术,  电脑与网络

邢红瑞 发表于 2009-1-20 20:42:08

严格的说 ,linux的串口开发,文档资料比较少,而且凌乱,远不如微软的msdn权威。linux 找一个发短信的程序,也比较困难,minicom的at 指令确实不大好用。 想起来以前在nagios中经常使用gnokii发送网站的报警短信 ,大家可以从http://opensource.contentbakery.fi/gnokii/RHEL4/下载gnokii-0.6.23cvs-20071203.i386.rpm  ,不建议下载源码安全,还得需要mysql。 下载安装后,在home中建立一个文件 .gnokiirc 内容 # This is a sample ~/.gnokiirc file.  Copy it into your# home directory and name it .gnokiirc.# See http://wiki.gnokii.org/index.php/Config for working examples.# [global] # Set port to the physical port used to connect to your phone.# Linux version is:port = /dev/ttyS0## For MacOSX you will need something like:# port = /dev/cu.USA28X1P1.1## For Win32 you want to use:# port = com1:# or similiar.## FreeBSD (probably NetBSD and OpenBSD too) use:# port = /dev/cuaa0## With Linux-IrDA you will want to use# port = /dev/ircomm0# or similiar.## Use this setting also for the Bluetooth connection:# port = aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff# when using it with AT driver set it to:# port = /dev/rfcomm0# or similiar.## For the Linux USB cables you will need one of the following settings (or# similiar)# port = /dev/ttyUSB0# port = /dev/tts/USB0# port = /dev/ttyACM0# the last one will work only with AT driver. The correct setting should be# given in the dmesg output.## If you use connection type dku2libusb use it to denote which use endpoint# you'd wish to use. It is useful when you have more than one phone connected# to your computer using DKU2 cable. Numbering goes from 1 upwards.# Default is 1.# port = 1 # Set model to the model number of your phone. For the# Symbian phones use:# model = symbian# For other non-Nokia phones and when you want to use AT# mode use: model = AT# If you can't figure out what to put here read the FAQ.# If it still doesn't help, consult gnokii-ml or #gnokii at freenode.model = 6510# There are few main models that should make use of the certain drivers.# These are: 6110, 7110, 6510, 3110, 2110, 6160. # Set IrDA device name.# If you use irda connection you may want gnokii to autodetect the irda# device it connects to. This is fine for most of the cases. if you have# more than one device in range you may want to give manually the device# name so gnokii correctly recognizes it. Use the name that you can see# in the discovery log when the phone with infrared is in the range of# your irda port.# Note that you need to set this for each phone_ section separately. It# isn't nested from the global section.# irda_string = Nokia 6610i # Initlength controls the number of characters sent to the# phone during initialisation.  You can either set it to# the word "default" or a positive integer.## You can try setting this value if you want to connect# to the phone quicker.  If you've never noticed the# connection to be slow, it is suggested that you# leave this alone.  Read the initialisation code in fbus-xxxx# to understand what this changes if you're curious.initlength = default # The type of the connection, for IR set this to infrared or irda.# For the nk6110 driver only infrared is valid for the IrDA connection.# See Docs/gnokii-ir-howto for more detailes on this.# If you have 6210/6250/7110 phone and dau9p cable (the one you can# use with 6100 series and cannot use hardware modem from the phone)# you may want to use 'dau9p' value to get faster initialization.# If you use dlr3 or dlr3p cable for nokia phones in FBUS mode (ie.# you don't use model = AT) you may want to use 'dlr3p' value here.# Note that it is recommended and currently the best way to use this# cable with nk6510 driver.connection = serial# With DKU-2 cable use the following setting if you want to libusb driver# (recommended):# connection = dku2libusb# or the following setting if you want to use Linux kernel driver# connection = dku2# With DKU-5 cable use the following setting# connection = dku5# For Bluetooth and AT driver use the following setting# connection = serial# For other Bluetooth settings use# connection = bluetooth# For infrared connection with phones other than Nokia 6110/6130/6150 use:# connection = irda# Don't forget to run: 'irattach irda0 -s' or similiar before running gnokii# For connection with a PC/SC compatible Smart Card reader use:# connection = pcsc # Set this to 'yes' if you want gnokii to set and check the lock file in# /var/lock directory. It avoids potential conflicts with other serial# port software (eg. minicom). If you have wrong permissions for the# directory, a warning will be generated. If you don't want a lockfile, set# it to 'no'.use_locking = no # Baudrate to use on serial port connections.# Currently used only by models AT and BIP/CIMD. Defaults to 19200.serial_baudrate = 9600 # Force waiting after each send character the specified usec time.# Value -1 forces the fastest 'block' writing,# value 0 writes each character separately without any explicite waiting,# other positive values specify the appropriate 1/1000000 sec delaying.# Siemens M20 requires at least "1"!  FIXME: Model-driven autodetection#serial_write_usleep = 10000 # Force serial port handshaking mode, useful primarily for "AT" model.# Gnokii "AT" model uses software handshake by default.# Possible values: hardware (RTS/CTS - 7 wires) or software (XON/XOFF - 3 wires)#handshake = software # If defined (not commented out by '#') it will quit Gnokii anytime# when DCD line will drop.#require_dcd = 1 # If you are using a bluetooth connection, you can specify the rfcomm# channel number here. Default value is 1.#rfcomm_channel = 1 # There may happen various timeouts during the communication with the phone.# This parameter enables the retransmission policy. Ie. if the phone doesn't# respond, we send the frame again. This happened mainly with the older# phones. You may want to enable it when you see mysterious timeouts.# Be very careful with this option. It is suspected to cause phone breakage# with new DCT4 phones (like Nokia 6100). By default it is switched off# (sm_retry = 0)#sm_retry = 1 # Run the specified script(s) right after opening and initializing the device# and before any communication (right before closing for disconnect_script).# You may find handy to use it to connect your modem to SMS Center# when using BIP or CIMD protocols# Non-absolute path is relative to the specific directory where gnokii is run!#connect_script = /absolute/path/to/gnokii/Docs/sample/cimd-connect#disconnect_script = # When sending SMS you can experience timeouts. This is the feature of the# overloaded SMSCs. The phones waits for the response from the SMSC confirming# that it received the short message. When the SMSC is DoSed with many requests# it will take more time to get the response. Adjust it to your needs. The# value is given in seconds to wait. Defaults to 10 seconds. Set to 0 to wait# forever.smsc_timeout = 10 # Set this to 1 if you want to break your phone with xgnokii. Works only# with few Nokia models and FBUS communication[xgnokii]allow_breakage = 0 # Set bindir to point to the location of the various gnokiid binaries.# In particular ensure that mgnokiidev is in this location, with# permissions 4750, owned by root, group gnokii.  Ensure you# are in the gnokii group and that the group exists...[gnokiid]bindir = /usr/local/sbin/ # Any entries in the following two sections will be set as environment# variables when running the scripts.# Handy for use for $VAR substitutions in your chat(8) script.[connect_script]# Don't put your phone number here!!!TELEPHONE = 12345678 [disconnect_script] # The following parameters control how libgnokii handles the debugging messages.# Currently there are three categories: "debug" controls the libgnokii# normal debug output, "rlpdebug" controls the debug output of the RLP# subsystem, and "xdebug" is used by the xgnokii or smsd. [logging] # where to log the debug output (on: stderr, off: /dev/null)debug = on # where to log the rlp debug output (on: stderr, off: /dev/null)rlpdebug = off # where to log X debug output (on: stderr, off: /dev/null)xdebug = off 验证安装成功 gnokii --identify 发送短信 echo -e “SMS-TEST FROM leadsec” | gnokii --sendsms 136xxxxxxx  


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