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[English]没事多喝水
hjx_221 发表于 2011-9-16 6:53:44

没事多喝水 Since all living things need it, and it makes up two-thirds of our bodies, it seems obvious that water is vital to our health. Most people, however, drink fewer than the eight recommended glasses each day. An alarming one-third drink no water at all!
既然所有的生物都需要水,而且水占了人体的三分之二,所以似乎很明显水对我们的健康极为重要。然而,多数人的饮水量比建议的每天八杯水要少。更令人担心的是,有三分之一的人甚至一口水都不喝。 So why is drinking enough water so important? A minor water deficiency can lead to headaches, sleepiness, and moodiness, while prolonged dehydration can cause high blood pressure and other serious problems.
为什么喝足够的水这么重要呢?轻微的水分不足会导致头痛、嗜睡和情绪低落;而长期脱水则会造成高血压和其它严重问题。 Drinking water helps our bodies in a variety of ways. It helps us get rid of toxins, which enables our kidneys to do a better job, and it helps prevent bladder infections. It improves digestion and helps us develop antibodies. Finally, water is a great moisturizer and gives our skin a healthy glow.
喝水在许多方面都有助于我们的身体。它帮助我们排出毒素,使肾脏运作地更好,它也能避免膀胱受感染。水能促进消化并帮助我们产生抗体。最后,水是最好的保湿剂,可赋予肌肤健康的光泽。 Drinking water throughout the day is an important habit to pick up. For your health, give this simple substance the importance it deserves.
全天候饮水补水是个必须养成的重要习惯。为了你的健康,给予这个简单物质足够的重视吧。


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[English]久坐不利于健康
hjx_221 发表于 2011-9-16 6:33:24

久坐不利于健康   When you’re sitting, you’re essentially inactive, right? And there’s mounting evidence that long stretches of inactivity are not good for you, even if you’re not overweight and seem basically healthy。
  当一个人坐着的时候,他实际上是不运动的,对吧?越来越多的证据显示,即使没有超重或看起来基本健康的人,长时间的不运动也是没有好处的。   Metabolizing Food
  新陈代谢情况   For example, in one experiment, researchers had healthy subjects spend an entire day sitting, then measured how well their bodies metabolized food and made insulin to regulate blood sugar。
  例如,研究者进行了一个实验,让身体健康的受试者保持一整天坐着不动,然后测量他们身体新陈代谢和分泌胰岛素调节血糖的情况。   The next day the subjects were allowed to get up and move around, but without doing any strenuous or even moderate exercise. And again, the researchers took the same measurements。
  第二天受试者可以起立并四处走动,但不能做任何激烈的运动,适度运动也不可以。研究者再次进行了相同的测量活动。   So What Did They Find?
  那么研究者有什么发现呢?   That’s the amazing thing. After just one day of sitting, the participants’ metabolism was starting to go haywire。
  大家会觉得不可思议:只是坐了一天而已,但参与者的新陈代谢系统就开始出现混乱。   They didn’t literally become diabetic, but their bodies showed signs of struggling to produce insulin, a hormone needed to draw sugar from blood into bodily tissues。
  受试者并没有成为真正意义上的糖尿病患者,但是他们的身体出现迹象体征,开始努力分泌胰岛素。胰岛素是一种用于将糖份从血液中提取到身体组织的激素。   And When They Were Standing?
  那他们站着的时候情况又如何呢?   No problems with insulin. Now, one experiment doesn’t prove anything. But other studies have found similar eviden

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[English]If 如果
hjx_221 发表于 2011-9-16 6:30:32

If 如果 
 
If you can keep your head when all about you
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you;
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
But make allowance for their doubting too;
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
Or, being lied about, don’t deal in lies,
Or, being hated, don’t give way to hating,
And yet don’t look too good, nor talk too wise; If you can dream - and not make dreams your master;
If you can think - and not make thoughts your aim;
If you can meet with triumph and disaster
And treat those two impostors just the same;
If you can bear to hear the truth you’ve spoken
Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
Or watch the things you gave your life to broken,
And stoop and build ’em up with worn-out tools; If you can make one heap of all your winnings
And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings
And never breathe a word about your loss;
If you can force your heart and nerve and 7)sinew
To serve your turn long after they are gone,
And so hold on when there is nothing in you
Except the Will which says to them: “Hold on !”; If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,
Or walk with Kings - nor lose the common touch;
If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you;
If all men count with you, but none too much;
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty
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[English]常用短句分享
hjx_221 发表于 2011-9-13 20:01:24

常用短句分享   1. 随着经济的繁荣 with the booming of the economy   2. 随着人民生活水平的显著提高 with the remarkable improvement of people's living standard   3. 先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology   4. 为我们日常生活增添了情趣 add much spice / flavor to our daily life   5. 人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed that…   6. 我同意前者(后者)观点 I give my vote to the former / latter opinion.   7. 引起了广泛的公众关注 Sth. has aroused wide public concern. / Sth has drawn great public attention.   8. 不可否认 It is undeniable that…   9. 热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion / debate   10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue   11. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally,   12. 有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons   13. 双方的论点 argument on both sides   14. 发挥日益重要作用 play an increasingly important role in…   15. 对…必不可少 be indispensable to …   16. 正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes:   17. 对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive / negative effects on…   18. 利远远大于弊 The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.   19. 导致,引起 lead to / give rise to / contribute to / result in   20. 复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon

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[English]只要五招 轻松改善你的记忆
hjx_221 发表于 2011-9-9 17:35:41

只要五招 轻松改善你的记忆 Now let us discuss five simple techniques to improve memory:
让我们来讨论五个增强记忆的简单方法吧: 1. Chunking分组法
Perhaps Chunking is the oldest method used in memorization. In this method, the items to be memorized are divided into small and easily memorizable chunks or groups. This method works best when the order of the items is not important. If possible, organize the material as meaningfully as you can and think out relationships among each group.
“分组法”大概是最古老的记忆方法了。故名思议这种方法就是把需要记住的东西分成几个小组。当需要记忆的材料没有很强的顺序性时,这种方法最有效。如果有可能,把材料分成有意义并且互相之间有关系的几个组。
eg. The list Apple, cucumber, paper, ink, cabbage, banana, grapes, beans, stapler, orange can be better learned by rearranging and applying chunking as: Apple, banana, grapes, orange, cucumber, cabbage, beans, paper, ink, stapler——4 fruits, 3 vegetables and 3 stationery items.
举例:苹果、黄瓜、纸、墨水、卷心菜、香蕉、葡萄、豆、订书机、橘子可以这样分组:苹果、香蕉、葡萄、橘子;黄瓜、卷心菜、豆;纸、墨水、订水——4种水果,3种蔬菜,3种文具。 2. Rhyming押韵法
This is also one of the popular and oldest methods in memorization. This technique makes use of the fact that we have a natural tendency to remember rhymes and rhythms. Create rhymes will not only aid in improving your memory but in improving your creativity as well.
“押韵法”也是一种相当古老并且流行的记忆法。这种方法基于我们天生容易记住有韵律、有节奏的东西这一事实。创造韵律不仅能帮你增强记忆,还能让你更有创造性。
eg. "Thirty days haveth September; April, June and November; All the rest have thirty-one; February has twenty-eight alone; Except in leap year, then the time; When Febs days
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[English]善良的行为带来光明
hjx_221 发表于 2011-9-9 17:30:27

善良的行为带来光明 An old man shuffled slowly into a restaurant. With shoulders bent forward, he leaned on his trusty cane with each unhurried step. A young waitress named Mary ran over to him, and said, "Here, sir! Let me give you a hand with that chair."
一个老人步履缓慢地走进一家餐馆。他弓着背,手里拄着牢靠的拐杖,每一步都不慌不忙。一个名叫玛丽的年轻女服务员向他跑去,说道:“这边请,先生!让我帮您把椅子拿出来吧。” She pulled the chair away from the table. Supporting him with one arm, she helped him move in front of the chair, and get comfortably seated. Then she moved the table close to him, and leaned his cane against the table where he could reach it.
她从桌子旁边拉过一把椅子,用一只手搀扶着老人来到椅子前,并让他舒舒服服地就座。然后,她把桌子拉近他,并把他的拐杖靠在桌旁一个他能够到的地方。 In a soft, clear voice he said, "Thank you, Miss." "You're welcome, sir!" she replied. "And my name is Mary. I'll be back in a moment, and if you need anything anytime, just wave at me!"
老人用轻柔而又清晰的声音说道:“女士,真是太感谢你了!”“不用客气,先生!”她回答说。“我叫玛丽。我一会儿就回来,如果您有什么需要的话,随时向我招招手!” After the old man finished his breakfast, Mary handed him his cane, and walked with him to the front door. Holding the door open for him, she said, "Come back and see us, sir!" He turned with his whole body, winked a smile, and nodded a thank you.
老人吃完早餐后,玛丽把拐杖递给他,并与他一同走到大门口。她一边为他开门,一边说道:“欢迎您再来,先生!”他转过身来,微笑着眨眨眼,向她点点头表示谢意。 When Mary went to clean his table, she found a business card under his plate, and a note scribbled on a napkin.
当玛丽回来收拾老人的餐桌时,她在他用过的碟子底下发现了一张名片和写在餐巾纸上的潦草字迹。 The note on the napkin read: "Dear Mary, I
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[English]世界上最干净的十个国家
hjx_221 发表于 2011-9-9 6:56:02

世界上最干净的十个国家   Researchers at Yale and Columbia ranked countries' environmental performance based on 25 metrics, including water and air quality, habitat protection and the impact of the environment on the health of the population. European countries make up more than half of the top 30, while the U.S. ranks 61st.   耶鲁大学和哥伦比亚大学的研究人员根据25指标,包括水和空气质量,栖息地保护和环境对人类健康的影响等,对世界各国的环保表现进行排名。欧洲国家占据前30名的一半多,而美国仅排名第61位。   1. Iceland 删除

[English]最简单最有用的英语口语
hjx_221 发表于 2011-9-6 16:37:18

最简单最有用的英语口语 
 
01 See you later.待会见;再联络 A: I have to go.B: See you later.
02 What’s up?近来过得如何? A: Hey! What’s up?B: Nothing much! As usual.
03 It’s on me.我来付 A: The beer is on me.B: Thank you.
04 I mean it.我是说真的 A: Do you really want to quit your job?B: I mean it.
05 Check, please.买单 A: Check, please.B: Yes, sir.
06 Mind your own business.别多管闲事 A: What were you talking about?B: Mind your own business.
07 Hold on.请稍等 A: May I leave a message, please?B: Hold on.
08 Whatever!随你的便 A: Shall I tell him tonight or tomorrow?B: Whatever!
09 After you.你先(请) A: Please come in.B: After you.
10 Nonsense!胡说八道! A: Tell me the truth. I don’t want nonsense.B: I am telling the truth.
11 Cheer up!振作点 A: We lost the game again!B: Cheer up! You’ll do better next time.
12 No way!不行 A: Let’s have pizza for lunch.B: No way! I hate pizza.
13 Go for it!加油! A: It’s an important test.B: Yes, I will go for it!
14 You’ve got me there. / (it) beats me.我想不出来:我不知道:你考倒我了 A: Do you know the height of that building?B: You’ve got me there. (Beats me)
15 Who Cares!谁管你呀! A: I can’t finish my homework. Can you help me to do some?B: Who cares!
16 I’ll get it.我来接(电话) A: The phone is ringing.B: I’ll get it.
17 It depends.看情形 A: When will you wake up?B: It depends.
18 Out of the question!不可能的 A: Could I borrow your bike?B: Out of the question!
19 Allow me.让我来 A: Please allow me to open the door for you.B: Thank you.
20 Calm down冷静一点 A: Calm down.
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[English]学会宽容 善于感恩
hjx_221 发表于 2011-9-4 8:38:33

学会宽容 善于感恩 The story goes that two friends were walking through the desert. During some point of the journey they had an argument, and one friend slapped the other one in the face.
话说两个好朋友正在穿越一个沙漠。途中他们忽然争吵了起来,其中一个一巴掌扇在另外一个人的脸上。 The one who got slapped was hurt, but without saying anything, he wrote in the sand: "Today my best friend slapped me in the face."
被扇的那个人受了伤害,但他一句话也没有说,只是在沙子上写道:“今天我最要好的朋友打了我一个耳光。” They kept on walking until they found an oasis, where they decided to take a bath. The one who had been slapped got stuck in the mire and started drowning, but the friend saved him.
他们继续走下去,后来发现了一片绿洲,他们于是决定洗个澡。先前被打的那个人这时不小心陷入了一个泥潭里面,差点被淹死了,幸运的是他的朋友把他给救了出来。 After he recovered from the near drowning, he wrote on a stone: "Today my best friend saved my life."
他苏醒过来后,立刻在一块石头上写道:“今天我最要好的朋友救了我一命。” The friend who had slapped and saved his best friend asked him, "After I hurt you, you wrote in the sand and now you write on a stone. Why?"
扇过他耳光又救过他性命的朋友于是问他说:“我打了你之后你在沙子上写字,而现在你却在石头上写,为什么呢?” The other friend replied: "When someone hurts us we should write it down in the sand where winds of forgiveness can erase it away. But when someone does something good for us, we must engrave it in a stone where no wind can ever erase it."
写字的那个人回答说:“当我们被别人伤害了之后,我们应该把它写在沙子上,那样,宽容的风就很快就会将其抹去,但当我们受到别人的帮助之后,我们必须将它刻在石头上,那样,风就不会轻易把它磨灭。” LEARN TO WRITE YOUR HURTS IN THE SAND AND TO CARVE YOUR BENEFITS IN THE STONE.
学会将你
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[English]在书香中追觅文化
hjx_221 发表于 2011-9-1 17:41:04

在书香中追觅文化 They call it culturomics: the obvious play on the word “genomics” looks at trends in human thought and culture. But scientists say culturomics has been hampered by a lack of quantitative data. So researchers at Harvard, along with Google, Encyclopedia Britannica, and the American Heritage Dictionary, have come up with a new tool.
人们把这叫做“culturomics”(文化基因组)——这明显就是借用了"genomics"(基因组)这个单词,从相似 的角度探究人类思想和文化趋势的奥秘。但科学家表示数据资料的缺失会妨碍文化基因组的工作。因此哈佛研究员和谷歌、大不列颠百科全书以及美国传统词典一起 提供了一个新工具。 It’s a database of 5.2 million books, published since the year 1500. That’s four percent of all the books ever published, with a total of 500 billion words. The focus is on English language culture, so three quarters of the books are in English.
这个工具就是自1500年以来出版的520万本书的数据。这些书的数量占所有出版书籍的4%,有5千亿个单词。由于这些书均聚焦于英语文化,因此有3/4都是用英语写的。 Among the first findings of the research, published in the journal Science: about, 8500 new words enter the English language annually. But many of them don’t end up in dictionaries. And about fame—actors become famous around age 30, writers around 40, and politicians around 50. But the fame of politicians can eventually exceed that of actors.
研究的首个发现之一就是,每年大约有8500个新单词进入英语体系,但是很多都不会出现在字典里。这项发现已刊登在《自然》杂志上。而谈到个人成名时间——演员在30岁左右,作家在40岁左右,而政治家则在50岁左右。但是最终政治家的名声会超过演员。 A Google tool called the Books Ngram Viewer is available based on this data—users can track the usage and frequency of a word or phrase over the past few centuries. Thus, we can wa
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[English]没有失败的学生 只有失败的教育
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-30 22:09:43

没有失败的学生 只有失败的教育   马尔瓦.柯林斯 Marva Collins is an American educator who in 1975 started Westside Preparatory School in Garfield Park, an impoverished neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois. She is famous for applying classical education successfully with impoverished students, many of whom had been wrongly labeled as learning disabled by public schools. She once wrote, "I have discovered few learning disabled students in my three decades of teaching. I have, however, discovered many, many victims of teaching inabilities." 马尔瓦·柯林斯,美国教育工作者,于1975年在伊利诺斯州,芝加哥附近穷困潦倒的加菲尔德园开办了西岸预备学校。她因成功教化了许多被公立学校误认为是没有学习能力的穷困学生而著名。她曾经写道:“在我30年的教学生涯中,我极少遇到没有学习能力的学生。但是我却遇到许许多多由于教育的失败而成为受害者的学生。” * There is a brilliant child locked inside every student.每个学生本质上都是相当聪明的。 * Don't try to fix the students, fix ourselves first. 要改造学生,先改造自己。 * The essence of teaching is to make learning contagious, to have one idea spark another.教学的本质是用一个思想点燃另一个思想。 * Success doesn't come to you...you go to it.成功不会从天而降,你必须去争取它。 * Excellence is not an act but a habit. The things you do the most are the things you will do best.优秀不是一种行为而是一个习惯。你做的最多的会是你做的最好的。 * Trust yourself. Think for yourself. Act for yourself. Speak for yourself. Be yourself. Imitation is suicide.相信自己,为自己考虑,为自己行动,为自己说话,做你自己,那么你将无所不能。 * Determination and perseverance move the world; thinking that others will do it for you is a sure way to fail.决心和毅力推动世界,如果你总想依赖别人,你注定失败。 * Character is wh
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[English]七嘴八舌话老师
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-30 22:06:51

七嘴八舌话老师 Good teaching is one-fourth preparation and three-fourths theater.成功的教学是四分之一的准备加上四分之三的表演。 A teacher who is attempting to teach without inspiring the pupil with a desire to learn is hammering on cold iron.一个不能激发学生学习欲望的老师只是一个铁皮匠人。 A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.老师的影响是永恒的,他永远也不知道这影响到何处为止。 A good teacher is a master of simplification and an enemy of simplism.好的老师会把复杂的问题变简单,但从不会简化问题。 Good teachers are costly, but bad teachers cost more.优秀的老师价格不菲,糟糕的老师让你损失惨重。 The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires.普通的老师告诉你是什么,好的老师告诉你为什么。卓越的老师证明给你看,伟大的老师激发你的潜能。 What the teacher is, is more important than what he teaches.言传不如身教。 The student is a bank where you can deposit your most precious treasures.学生就像银行,你可以存入你最宝贵的东西。 Teaching is like [w=cultivate]cultivating a garden, and those who would have nothing to do with [w=thorn]thorns must never attempt to gather flowers.教学就像栽培植物,对刺无计可施的园丁也培育不出花。 When you teach your son, you teach your son's son.当你教你的儿子时,你也教了你的孙子。

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[English]中国专有名词的英文表达
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-29 4:56:53

中国专有名词的英文表达 1、中国意念词(Chinesenesses)
八卦 trigram
阴、阳 yin, yang
道 Dao(cf. logo)
江湖(世界) the jianghu World (the traits’ world)
e.g. You can’t control everything in a traits’ world. (人在江湖,身不由己)
道 Daoism(Taoism)
上火 excessive internal heat
儒学 Confucianism
红学(《红楼梦》研究) redology
世外桃源 Shangri-la or Arcadia
开放 kaifang (Chinese openness to the outside world)
大锅饭 getting an equal share regardless of the work done
不搞一刀切 no imposing uniformity on …
合乎国情,顺乎民意 to conform with the national conditions and the will of the people
乱摊派,乱收费 imposition of arbitrary quotas and service charge
铁交椅 iron (lifetime) post’s; guaranteed leading post
脱贫 to shake off poverty; anti-poverty
治则兴,乱则衰 Order leads to prosperity and chaos to decline 2、中华民族的喜庆节日(Chinese Festivial)
国庆节 National Day
中秋节 Mia-Autumn Festival
春节 Spring Festival
元宵节 Lantern Festival
儿童节 Children’s Day
端午节 Dragon Boat Festival
妇女节 Women’s Day
泼水节 Water-Splashing Day
教师节 Teachers’ Day
五四青年节 Youth Day 3、中国独特的传统饮食(Unique Traditional Chinese Foods)
馄饨 wonton
锅贴 guotie (fried jiaozi)
花卷 steamed twisted rolls
套餐 set meal
盒饭 box lunch; Chinese take-away
米豆腐 rice tofu
魔芋豆腐 konjak tofu
米粉 rice noodles
冰糖葫芦 a stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.)
火锅 chafing dish
八宝饭 eight-treasure rice pudding
粉丝 glass noodles
豆腐脑 jellied bean curd 4、中国新兴事物(Newly Sprouted Things)
中国电信 China Telecom
中国移动
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[English][收藏]神奇3D打印机
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-25 17:21:21

本文转载自W3CHINA.ORG讨论区(BBS.W3CHINA.ORG)   原文链接
以下为原文:

神奇3D打印机

To build in space, we need extremely specialized tools. But with hi-tech, comes higher risks. Losing any of this unconventional gear could be a disaster. So we are going to need even more extraordinary technology—a way to make unlimited replacements. If we have a science fiction replicator, there are replicate tools. A tool, thus, suddenly appears in space, that would be pretty cool. But we don’t have that yet. Or do we? 在太空中搞建设,我们需要专门的工具。但是高科技意味着高风险。这种不寻常的工具一旦丢失其结果可能灾难性的。因此我们需要一项非常与众不同的技术,一种制造无线替代品的方法。如果我们有一台科幻小说里面的复制器,有很多复制出来的工具,这样的技术应用在太空中,那该有多好。但是这样的技术目前还不存在。真的不存在吗? Theoretical physicist David Kaplan has found a company that replicates tools and pretty much anything else you can imagine with a 3D copy machine. I’m in Burlington Massachusetts at the Z Corporation where they’ve developed a technology that similar does replicators you see in the sci-fi movies. It’s called 3D painting. I’m here to find out if they can 3D print my Crescent wrench. 理论物理学家大卫科普兰找到了一家公司,他们运用他们的3D复印机复制工具或几乎所有你可以想象的东西。我现在处在位于马赛诸塞州伯灵顿的Z公司,他们开发了一种可以像科幻电影中那样复制物品的技术。他们称它为3D打印。我来看看他们能不能打印我的可调板手。 We’re one of the world’s leading manufactures of 3 dimensional printers. Everything on the table in front of us has been printe
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[English]“小三”用英语怎么说?
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-23 8:16:30

“小三”用英语怎么说?   “第三者”常译为the third party,但这种说法可以指任何事情的当事人以外的“第三方”,没有贬义。作为影响他人婚姻的“第三者”,倒可借用英语里比较婉转的说法the other woman/man。
  “小三”这一称呼大多指女性,从某种意义上说,她们也是受害者(victims),所以可将“小三”译为the poor other woman。有人在网上专门为她们开设了“小三论坛”,可称为Tribune of the Poor Other Woman。
  至于“小三文化”,笔者认为这一说法不好。现在社会上各种“文化”泛滥(run rampant),西方也有人对culture一词的乱用颇有微词,说:In this way, whatever people do monkeys don’t,can be called “culture”. 笔者觉得,时髦汉语中许多带有“文化”的词语不宜,也不值得翻译成culture。
  据说“小三论坛”很是红火(prosperous, even smashing),但是在“小三论坛”发表文章的不仅有“小三”们自怨自艾的述说(complaints full of remorse),也有咄咄逼人的宣战(overbearing declaration of war),居然还有人为她们提出“扶正指南”。
  受到伤害的妻子们当然不甘心(not reconciled),于是她们发起反击,进行“婚姻保卫战”(launch a war to defend their marriage),提出要严打(crack down on)“小三”们,有人甚至提出“小三过街人人喊打!”(Everyone should shout “beat them” when they see the other women!)的口号。
  可见“小三论坛”虽然使这些“不放手———痛苦,放手———也痛苦”(suffer bitterness either continue or end such relations)的女性有了宣泄的地方(a place to give vent to their bitterness),但这并非解决问题的根本办法(ways to eradicate this phenomenon)。

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[English]替代与省略
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-21 8:34:49

替代与省略 英语中,为了避免不必要的重复,经常用so, not, to, do, does 代替前面出现的动词或相关内容。
(1) 从上两例中看出,do / does / did 代替动词。
He [w=translate]translated the article better than I did. (did代替wrote it)
— Do you think she is clever?
— I think so. (so代替 she is clever)
(2) "so 与 not" 代替某个词、短语、句子等,通常用于hope, think, believe, expect, suppose, be afraid, fear, imagine, etc后作宾语。
— Is it correct?
— I'm afraid not. (not correct)
(3) "to" 用作不定式,常跟随下列动词:want, mean, hope, expect, refuse, seem, intend, be, afraid, etc.
I asked him to go to the party, but he refused to. (go to the party)
(4) "do so, do that, do it" 用来代替动态动词,而不能代静态动词。
— He gave up studying English.
— Why did he do so? (= give up studying English)
— The dish tastes nice.
— Yes, so it does. (tastes nice)
(此句不能用it does it 或 it does so, 因taste属静态动词。)
(5) 为使语言精炼,避免不必要的重复,对话中常用省略形式。
— He is thinking of buying a car?
— Is he? (这里,“thinking of buying a car”被省略了。)
— Will he come back in time?
— Perhaps. (省略了he will come back in time.)

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[English]五花八门的美式派对
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-18 8:32:38

五花八门的美式派对   赏秋聚会 (autumn foliage party)   秋天,美国东北部漫山遍野的树林颜色变幻无穷,朋友们经常相邀欣赏迷人的秋色,故而得名。   野炊聚会 (cook-out party或cook-outs)   指全家人或几家人带上炊具、食物到野外边烧边吃边聊天,别有一番情趣。通常家里有人过生日时,或为朋友的生日、荣誉或成就庆祝时举行,用餐后还就地举行一些小型活动以资余兴。   自备食品的工作午餐 (brown-bag party)   在这种聚会上(一般是午餐时间),大家各自吃自己brown-bag里带去的食品,轻松自如地随意交谈。因为美国食品店都是用牛皮纸包装食品,故得此名。   自带食品聚餐会 (pot-luck party)
  这是美国人最经常举行的一种典型聚会。源于早年农忙季节,邻居互相帮工,并把从自家带来的食物放在一起共同享用。现在该词组指的是个人或各家带着足够几个人或几家人吃的食品(通常是自己做的拿手好菜)聚到一起,分享各家的精美食品。这种聚会特别热闹。   大家缝聚会 (quilting party或quilting bee或quilting)   早些时候,美国妇女很少外出工作,无聊时带上要缝的被子聚在一起边缝边闲谈,故而得名。如今仍有这种聚会,只是参加的人一般是上了年纪的女性,因为大多数年轻妇女忙于工作,聚会时也不局限于只缝被子,凡是针线活或手工活皆可带去交流。   樱桃聚会 (cherry party或cherry hour)   该聚会实质上是工作交流聚会,一般在下午三、四点钟,一天工作即将结束时举行。各部门有关人员聚在一起,边喝饮料边交流当天的工作情况。   男士聚会 (stage party)   该聚会用中国通俗的话叫“哥儿们集会”。stage(雄虎)这个词说明了参加者必须是男性。这种聚会较为正式,规定不能携带妻子或女友前往。据说这是男人们为了摆脱家庭烦恼,回忆“快乐单身汉”的美好时光而举行的。   注:foliage 植物的叶子;quilting 被褥料,缝制被子
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[English]烧炭人与漂布人
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-16 8:30:46

烧炭人与漂布人 
 
A Charcoal-burner carried on his trade in his own house. One day he met a friend, a fuller(漂洗工) , and entreated(恳求,请求) him to come and live with him, saying that they should be far better neighbors and  that their housekeeping expenses would be lessened. The Fuller replied, "The arrangement is impossible as far as I am concerned,  for whatever I should whiten, you would immediately blacken again  with your charcoal(木炭) ." 
烧炭人在一所房子里干活,看见有一个漂布人搬迁到他的旁边来住时,满怀高兴地走上去劝他与自己同住,并解释说这样彼此更亲密,更方便,还更省钱。漂布人却回答说:“也许你说的是真话,但完全不可能办到,因为凡我所漂白的,都将被你弄黑。” Like will draw like.  
这故事说明,不同类的人难相处。
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[English]社交距离法则
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-13 8:32:50

社交距离法则   Among the English, gossip about one’s own private doings is reserved for intimates; gossip about the private lives of friends and family is shared with a slightly wider social circle; gossip about the personal affairs of acquaintances, colleagues and neighbours with a larger group; and gossip about the intimate details of public figures’ or celebrities’ lives with almost anyone. This is the distance rule. The more ‘distant’ from you the subject of gossip, the wider the circle of people with whom you may gossip about that person。
  在英国人当中,个人隐私一般只在亲密朋友之间讨论;关于朋友及其家人的一些琐事也只会在稍微宽一点的社交圈子里讨论;熟人轶事、同事以及邻居等话题可以在更广的社交圈子里谈论;如果是某位名人的个人隐私,那么绝对是街知巷闻。这就是社交距离的规则。当你和谈论对象的距离越远时,你就会和更大的社交圈子的人谈论他们的事。   The distance rule allows gossip to perform its vital social functions – social bonding; clarification of position and status; assessment and management of reputations; transmission of social skills, norms and values – without undue invasion of privacy. More importantly, it also allows nosey-parker anthropologists to formulate their prying questions in such a roundabout manner as to bypass the privacy rules。
  社交距离规则有助于八卦在社会中发挥重要作用——建立社会关系;澄清观点和地位;认同和管理个人的名誉;传播社会技巧和社会术语以及社会价值观。更重要的是,这些谈资也让那些喜欢窥探别人隐私的社会学家巧妙地达到目的,同时不侵犯别人的隐私。   If, for example, you want to find out about an English person’s attitudes and feelings on a sensitive subject, such as, say, marriage, you do not ask about his or her own marriage – you talk about someone else’s marriage, preferably that
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[English]Spit Analysis Reveals Hocker's Age
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-12 16:09:24

Spit Analysis Reveals Hocker's Age
口水揭秘你的年龄 Saliva contains many useful components. Lubricants. Enzymes for breaking down food. And now, compounds that can reveal a person’s age. That’s according to a study in the journal Public Library of Science ONE.
唾液中含有很多的有用成分:润滑剂,分解食物的生化酶。而现在,发表在《公共科学图书馆·综合》期刊上的一项研究表明,这些成分还可以揭示一个人的年龄。 During normal development, DNA in your body gets what’s called methylated. Small chemicals called methyl groups bind to the DNA, helping to determine which genes become active. But the patterns of methylation change as we grow older. Which was a clue that measuring methylation might give away age.
在正常的发育过程中,我们体内的DNA渐渐被甲基化[注1]。一些称为甲基的小化合物编进DNA中,用来决定哪些基因被激活。但是甲基化形式会随着我们的长大而改变。因此甲基测试也会泄露我们的年龄。 The researchers studied DNA in saliva contributed by 34 pairs of male identical twins, ages 21 to 55. They found 88 sites on the men’s DNA where the amount of methylation correlated with their ages. The scientists next verified that finding in 60 men and women, ages 18 to 70.
研究人员对34对21至55岁男性同卵双胞胎唾液中的DNA进行分析。他们发现男性DNA上有88个地方的甲基数量与他们的年龄有关。于是科学家们接下来在18至70岁的60位男性和女性中去验证。 Then they narrowed in on two genes that had the strongest age-related correlation. And using just that data, they found that they could estimate the ages of their saliva contributors to within five years.
接着他们锁定在两组与年纪最为相关的基因上。利用这组数据,他们发现可以根据唾液来估计他们的年龄,误差在5岁之内。 This technique might help in crime scene investigations—recovered saliva could tell the ag
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[English]中国传统婚礼
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-12 7:04:10

中国传统婚礼 Traditional Chinese weddings are always filled with red things to bring auspicious blessings and respects. And even wedding customs reflect traditions from Chinese philosophy.中国传统婚礼中总是用红色的东西来表达吉祥、祝福和隆重的意味。其实婚礼习俗也反映着中国的传统哲学思想。 1. Favoring red comes from worship of the sun喜欢红色来自太阳崇拜
The Chinese regard the color red as the symbol of happiness, success, luck, faith and growth. They like red very much, which comes from worship of the Sun. In traditional Chinese weddings, there are double Xi characters in red, red scarves, red flowers and the bride wears a red coat. 中国人将红色看做是幸福、成功、好运、忠诚和繁荣的象征。他们很喜欢红色,其实是由于对太阳的崇拜。在传统中国婚礼上,有红色的“囍”字、红色的丝带、红花和新娘的红衣。 2. The wedding ceremony shows harmony between nature and people婚礼传达出“天人合一”的思想
A marriage is not only a merger of the couple; traditionally, it symbolizes the merger of two families. So the wedding ceremony should reflect the holiness of marriage, drawing the attention of relatives and friends. There is harmony between nature and the people inside.婚姻不仅是一对新人的结合,按照传统,婚姻也象征着两个家庭的结合。因此婚礼要能体现出婚姻的神圣,要能够吸引亲朋好友来参加。这里面有“天人合一”的思想。 Inviting relatives and friends to the wedding symbolizes the formality and the relationships between people. During a marriage, two families become in-laws. The ceremony reflects the importance and family status of the parents.邀请亲朋好友来参加婚礼体现着人与人之间的关系和礼节。在婚姻中,双方的家庭结为“亲家”。婚礼体现了家长在家庭中的地位和重要性。 After the ceremony, the bride and the groom usually burn money an
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[English]研究证实“情人眼里出西施”有道理
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-11 15:37:10

研究证实“情人眼里出西施”有道理   Love really is blind when it comes to physical flaws, it would seem。   Research suggests that we view our loved ones through rose-tinted glasses that overlook the crooked noses, bulging tummies or other attributes that might put others off。   As a result, husbands and wives think their other halves are more attractive than they really are。   The phenomenon could help explain some apparently physically mis-matched couples such as the glamorous Beyonce and Jay-Z, the striking Lara Stone and David Walliams, or the statuesque Sophie Dahl and the diminutive Jamie Cullum。   The ‘positive illusion’ theory comes from researchers who asked 70 couples to rate their other halves for attractiveness。   Questions included how attractive their husband, wife, boyfriend or girlfriend was to the opposite sex, and how they rated compared with others of the same age. The answers were kept confidential to prevent any partners taking umbrage。   Some of those taking part also rated photos of their partners. In addition, members of the public judged the looks of all 140 men and women taking part。   The results revealed that couples view their other halves as being better looking than they really are。   Even asking them to rate pictures of their partners did not give them a reality check, the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships reports。   With previous studies finding that we view our loved
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[English]英语表达“一窍不通”
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-7 8:23:15

英语表达“一窍不通” 1. She's in the dark about how this machine works.
她根本不知道该怎么操作这个机器。 2. He is a stranger to our language.
他完全不懂我们的语言。 3. It is all Greek to me.
我对此一窍不通。 4. When it comes to German, I know nothing.
谈到德语,我一窍不通。 5. The ideas she espoused were incomprehensible to me.
她信奉的这些观念对于我来说都很难理解。 6. That computer nerd is a total social misfit.
那个只会玩电脑的呆子对人情世故一窍不通。 7. For all my advice she was never the wiser.
虽然我全力指点,她还是一窍不通。 8. Mathematics is a closed bookto me, I'll never understand it.
我对数学一窍不通,从来都搞不懂。 9. Golf is one of his blind spots and he's proud of it.
他对高尔夫球一窍不通,但对此他还感到挺自豪的。


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[English]如何用英文漂亮说出对他人的鼓励
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-5 7:38:20

如何用英文漂亮说出对他人的鼓励
    当好朋友遇到挫折和不如意的事情,要怎么样去安慰他呢?自己遇到了同样的状况时候,又该怎么鼓励自己呢? 这次我们就来看看老美都是怎么鼓励别人的吧! 1. Hang in there.撑下去。
想象有人快要从悬崖上掉下去,只有一只手抓着仅剩的一点的石块,这时候他最需要的一句话就是Hang in there. 这个hang in 就是抓住不要让自己掉下去的意思。
这个短语用在实际的生活中,就是鼓励别人要坚持下去、不要放弃。像有一次电视剧中有个人被枪射伤,他的好友就对他说:Hang in there. I'll call the ambulance. (撑下去,我去叫救护车。) 2. Cheer up. You've done a good job.高兴点,你作得很好啊。
Cheer up 也是常用来鼓励人的话,就是要别人高兴一点、不要难过 (Don't be sad.) 而 You've done a good job. 这句话则几乎己经成为一种固定用法,每当别人完成一件任务时,你都可以跟他说You've done a good job. 或是简单地说Good job.或者Well done. 3. You are very supportive.你很支持我。
“支持”在中文是个动词,所以这句话很多人会说成 You support me a lot. 这样的讲法也没错,但 support somebody 在英文中常有在金钱上支持某人作某件事的意思。 例如 My parents support me to go to the college. (我父母供我上大学。) 因此老美常用 supportive 来表示一个人对一个人的支持。例如一些访谈的节目中就常可以听到这样的话 My husband is very supportive. (我的丈夫对我十分支持。) 或是要感谢别人对你的支持时,你也可以说You are very supportive.

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[English]表达怀疑的20句口语
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-3 6:01:29

表达怀疑的20句口语
1. Do you believe him? 你相信他的话吗?
2. Do you believe it? 你相信吗?
3. I think it's hard to believe. 我觉得这很难相信。
4. It's too good to be true. 哪有这等好事?
5. I don't buy your story. 我才不信你的鬼话呢。
6. Believe it or not. 信不信由你。
7. Really? 真的吗?
8. Are you kidding me? 你在逗我呢吧?
9. You must be joking. 你一定是在开玩笑。
10. Are you joking? 你开玩笑吧?
11. Are you serious? 你是认真的吗?
12. I doubt it. 我怀疑。
13. I am doubtful about that 我对此表示怀疑。
14. Don't expect me to believe this. 别指望我相信这事。
15. It can't be ture. 不可能是真的。
16. How is that possible? 那怎么可能呢?
17. He is a doubting Thomas. 他是个疑心很重的人。
18. I never take him too seriously. 我从来不把他的话当真。
19. I feel puzzled. 我感到很茫然。
20. It's doubtful whether this will work. 我怀疑这会不会起作用。

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[English]英文已如此搞笑,翻译却更加残暴!
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-1 14:45:28

英文已如此搞笑,翻译却更加残暴! 引导语:
It’s not the fall that kills you,it’s the sudden stop at the end。
跳楼的时候,“啊——”的时候还没死,“啪!”那才是死了。
1、I asked God for a bike, but I know God doesn’t work that way. So I stole a bike and asked for forgiveness.
开始我直接求上帝赐辆自行车。后来我琢磨上帝办事儿不是这个路数。于是老子偷了一辆然后求上帝宽恕。
2、I want to die peacefully in my sleep, like my grandfather.. Not screaming and yelling like the passengers in his car.
我希望能像爷爷那样,安静地在睡梦中死去…… 而不是要像他开的车上那些惨叫滴乘客一样死法啊!
3、Do not argue with an idiot. He will drag you down to his level and beat you with experience.
你永远不能战胜一个纯SB,因为他会把你的智商拉到跟他个水平,然后用丰富的经验打败你。
4、The last thing I want to do is hurt you. But it’s still on the list.
直译:在这个世界上,我最不愿意做的事就是伤害你,但是这件事仍在我的考虑之列。
a:我真不想伤害你,但你也别逼我。
b:吾虽不杀伯仁,伯仁由我而死。
5、If sex is a pain in the ass, then you’re doing it wrong…
a. 如觉嘿咻乃屁眼不能承受之痛,那是你操错洞。
b. 若XXOO是下体的痛,那么,是你操错。
6、The early bird might get the worm, but the second mouse gets the cheese.
a. 早起滴小鸟有虫虫!晚到的老鼠有奶酪!
b. 早起的鸟儿有虫吃,早起的虫儿被鸟吃。
7、We live in a society where pizza gets to your house before the police.
在咱们这噶哒送外卖的都比警察来的快.
8、Having sex is like playing bridge. If you don’t have a good partner, you’d better have a good hand.
XXOO就象打桥牌。 如果对手不好使,自己的手必须好使。
9、 Some people are like Slinkies … not really good for anything, but you can’t help smiling when you see one tumble down the stairs.
有些人就像 Slinkies (弹簧玩具),没什么实在用处,但看他们在楼梯上倒腾来捣腾去还是很有喜感。
10、Politicians and diapers have one thing in common. They
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[English]最时尚的英语词汇
hjx_221 发表于 2011-8-1 14:43:00

最时尚的英语词汇 微博 Microblog
山寨 copycat
异地恋 long-distance relationship
剩女 3S lady(single,seventies,stuck)/left girls
熟女 cougar(源自电影Cougar Club)
裸婚 naked wedding
炫富 flaunt wealth
团购 group buying
人肉搜索 flesh search
潮人:trendsetter
发烧友: fancier
骨感美女:boney beauty
卡奴:card slave
下午茶 high tea
愤青 young cynic
性感妈妈 yummy mummy
亚健康 sub-health
灵魂伴侣 soul mate
小白脸 toy boy
精神出轨 soul infidelity
人肉搜索 flesh search
钻石王老五 diamond bachelor
时尚达人 fashion icon
御宅 otaku
橙色预警 orange signal warning
预约券 reservation ticket
上相的,上镜头的 photogenic
80后:80's generation
百搭:all-match
限时抢购:flash sale
合租:flat-share
荧光纹身:glow tattoo
泡泡袜:loose socks
裸妆:nude look
黄牛票:scalped ticket
扫货:shopping spree
烟熏妆:smokey-eye make-up
水货:smuggled goods
纳米技术:nanotechnology
正妹 hotty
对某人念念不忘 get the hots for
草莓族 Strawberry generation
草根总统 grassroots president
笨手笨脚 have two left feet
拼车 car-pooling
解除好友关系 unfriend v.
暴走 go ballistic
海外代购 overseas purchasing
跳槽 jump ship
闪婚 flash marriage
闪电约会 speeddating
闪电恋爱 whirlwind romance
刻不容缓,紧要关头 crunch time
乐活族 LOHAS(Lifestyle Of Health And Sustainability)
一夜情 one-night stand
偶像派 idol type
脑残体 leetspeak
挑食者 picky-eater
伪球迷 fake fans
狂热的 gaga eg: I was gaga over his deep blue eyes when I first set eyes on him
防暑降温补贴 high temperature subsidy
奉子成婚 shotgun marriage
婚前性行为 premarital sex
开博 to open a blog
房奴
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[English]表达情绪的18个英语词汇
hjx_221 发表于 2011-7-29 8:48:22

表达情绪的18个英语词汇
1,confident 自信的
2,hysterical 歇斯底里的;异常兴奋的
3,mischievous 搞怪的(人、行为等)恶作剧的;淘气的;有害的
4,smug 自鸣得意的;自以为是的;整洁的
5,surprised 惊讶的
6,bored 无聊的;烦人的;无趣的
7,shy 羞涩的,害羞的
8,ashamed 羞愧的,惭愧的
9,happy 高兴的,欢乐的
10,depressed 沮丧的,意志消沉的
11,shocked 震惊的,极其惊讶的
12,frustrated 失意的,挫败的;泄气的
13,hopeful 满怀希望的,充满期望的
14,proud 骄傲的
15,angry 愤怒的,气愤的
16,confused 迷惑的,不解的
17,suspicious 怀疑的,多疑的
18,indifferent 冷漠的,漠不关心的

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[English]Expertise Provides Protection against Bias
hjx_221 发表于 2011-7-29 8:15:27

Expertise Provides Protection against Bias
对潜意识贿赂说不 Money can’t buy you love. It’s assumed, though, that it can buy loyalty—at least brand loyalty. But a new study shows that people with true expertise in a subject have some immunity to the siren song of corporate sponsorship. The work appears in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. [Link to come.]
金钱买不到真爱。不过也许它可以买到忠诚,至少是对品牌的忠诚。一项新的研究发现,在某一方面有真才实学的人们对广告赞助商的“糖衣炮弹”有一定的免疫力。这项研究发表在《美国国家科学学院院刊》上。 We worry about bias in all walks of life, from the lab to the legislature. Because “gifts” from special interest groups, whether pharma companies or political action committees, could sway the opinions of decision-makers.
从实验室到立法机构,我们担心着各行各业的公正性。不论是制药公司还是政府机构,某些特殊的利益集团的“恩惠”总可以左右决策者的舆论。 To examine the relationship between gratuities and opinion, researchers asked 20 art experts and 20 non-experts to view a series of paintings. But first, subjects were shown the logo of a fictitious company that would be giving them $300 for participating.
为检验“小恩小惠”与舆论之间的联系,研究人员邀请20位艺术家和20位非专家观看一系列的绘画作品。但是,在观看之前研究人员向他们展示了一个虚拟公司的logo,并给他们300美金作为参与费。 Turns out the non-experts were partial to paintings that were paired with the sponsor’s logo. That preference went hand in hand with the activation of a part of the brain involved in value judgment. The experts, on the other hand, showed no such bias. They switched on another part of the brain that apparently overrode the region won over by the cash.<
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[English]【各种"缘"的英语表达】
hjx_221 发表于 2011-7-27 7:48:44

【各种"缘"的英语表达】
1. for no reason at all  无缘无故地
例句:There is absolutely no such thing as love or hatred without any reason or cause.
世上没有无缘无故的爱,也没有无缘无故的恨。 2.blood relationship  血缘
例句:Serology of 23 Gray Leaf Spot Pathogens Blood Relationship.
23个玉米灰斑病菌菌株亲缘关系的血清学研究。 3. tie the nuptial knot  喜结良缘
例句:Under French law , couples must tie the knot before a mayor to make their union official .
根据法国法律,新人举行婚礼必须有市长见证,才可正式结为合法夫妻。 4.Fate brings together people who are far apart.  有缘终相逢。 5. A good marriage arranged in Heaven  天赐良缘。 6.I can't tell the true shape of Lu Shan ,because I myself am on the mountain.
不识庐山真面目,只缘身在此山中。 7.Two beings destined to marry each other, though thousands of miles apart, are tied together with an invisible red thread by an old man under the moonlight.千里姻缘一线牵。 8.As decreed by providence you have met him; otherwise you might have failed although you traveled a long way.
有缘千里来相会,无缘对面不相逢。 9.It is a pity that we have no opportunity to meet each other.
真遗憾,我们一直无缘相见。 10. As luck would have it, I found a job.机缘凑巧,我找到一份工作。 11.They are attracted to each other but are not fated to be conjugally tied.
他们俩有情无缘。 12. Smoking and drinking don't appeal to me.我与烟酒无缘。

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